If you’re trying to create a brand new interior design for your home, or just trying to find a few interesting interior design ideas, you’re probably going through some books, magazines and web pages. When you read the articles about interior design and decoration, you might wonder what some special words and terms really mean. So here is a mini glossary with some basic terms to help you out with your interior design research and reading…
Art Deco: An architectural and decorative style of the period 1925-1940. This style was characterized by strong, bold colors, geometric designs, and the use of materials like glass and plastic.
Art Nouveau: A decoration and architecture style of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, characterized especially by the depiction of flowers and leaves in sinuous, flowing lines.
Contemporary Style: A style that was fashionable in the 1950’s and was associated with many of the designs newly seen at the Festival of Britain exhibition that took place in 1951. This festival was a post-war celebration of modernity and colors. The look concerning “contemporary style” is characterized by bright colors and organic shapes.
Ergonomics: The science of adapting the equipment and/or the job and the people to each other for the optimal productivity and security.
Functionalism: A doctrine implying that the function of an object should determine its design and what it’s made of. Functionalism stresses utility and practicality.
High-Tech: Short for “high technology”. It is also a style of interior decoration that can be recognized by the use of industrial equipment, material or design.
Kitsch: Sentimentality or vulgar, mostly pretentious bad taste, especially concerning the arts. The word is also used for examples of kitsch in decoration.
Modernism: Usage or style that is characteristic of modern times. This word is often used to express the deliberate departure from traditional things and the usage of innovative forms of expression that distinguish many styles in the arts of the twentieth century.
Neo-Modernism: This is an Italian design movement that came out as a counter to the increasingly loose definitions that were associated with Postmodernism. Modernism rejected some past styles, but Neo-Modernists accepted the significance of an “individual” aesthetic as a “functional” dimension of design.
Popular Art: It is also called Pop Art. It implies the art made for the general public; art that is popular or popularized. It also implies the artwork of pop culture or artwork of pop style.
Retro: A décor, design or style relating to, or reminiscent of things past.